Fundamentals of Information Technology

[This course is of introductory nature, and therefore, emphasis will be on basic concepts and direct applications of mathematical expressions without rigorous analysis.] Part A (Weightage 10%) What is IT, Information Systems, Data and Information, IT in Business and Industry, IT in Home and Play, IT in Education and Training, IT in Entertainment and the Arts, IT in Science, Engg. and Maths, Personal, Social and Ethical Issues in IT. Part B (Weightage 25%) Fundamentals of Electricity, DC Circuits, AC Circuits, Electrical Machines, Measuring Instruments, Electrical Wiring and Distribution of Electrical Power, Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors, Transducers. Semiconductor Devices, P-N Junction Diode, Bipolar Junction Transistor FET, Tyristors, Opto-Electronic Devices, Display Devices, Rectifiers. Part C (Weightage 65%) Overview of the Digital Computer System (Processor, Memory, Input and Output Devices, Operating Systems, Application Software, Types of Computers). Representation of Data : Digital versus Analog, Digital Number System (Binary, Octal, Decimal and Hexadecimal Numbers), Conversion from one form to another, Fractional Numbers and Signed Numbers, Complements, Fixed Point and Floating Point. Representations, Boolean Algebra (Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division), Logical Gates (NOT, AND, NAND, NOR, XOR, XNOR), Codes (ASCII, EBCDIC, Unicode), Encoding and Decoding, Integrated Circuits, Digital ICS, Flip-Flops, Shift Registers, Counters.
Anatomy of a Computer (Introductory Level : Emphasis shall be on basic concepts, features available in the component, characteristics and behavior of components, comparison, merits and limitations. Complete technical know how is expected), Mother Board (Special reference to Intel 810 Chipset Motherboard), CISC Micro Processors (Special reference to Pentium, AMD, Cyrix), RISC Processors (Motorola, Power PC and 680 x O Series), Types of RAM, Flash, Cache, SDRAM, Type of Memory Modules (SIMM, DIMM), System Clock, Bus (Data, Address, Control), Bus Architecture (ISA, MCA, EISA, PCI, AGP), Expansion Slots and Cards (RS 232, BIN), Input Devices (Keyboard, Mouse, Trackball, Trackpad, Pen, Touch Screen, Bar Code Reade, Scanner, OMR, OCR, Voice Input, Video Input, Digital Camera), Output Devices [Monitors (Refresh Rate, Resolutions, Standards – CGA, VGA, SVGA, XGA, SXGA; LCD Monitors, Video Controllers and VRAM), Printers (Dot-Matrix, Line, Label, Inkjet, Laser, Color Laser, Thermal Wax, Dye Sublimation, Fiely, IRIS), Plotters (Pen, Inkjet, Electrostatic), Voice Output), Storage Devices, Storage Types (Magnetic, Optical, Magneto-Optical, Solid State), Random versus Sequential Access, Formatting, Tracks and Sectors, Speed, Storage, Capacity, Floppy Disk (5.25 inch, 3.5 inch; 2 HD zip, Superdisk, HiFD), Hard Disk (Tracks, Cylinders, Sectors; Hard Drive Interfaces (IDE, EIDE, Fast SCSI, Fast/Wide SCSI, Uitra SCSI; Hard Disk Cartridges, RAID), Optical Disks [Pits and Lands, CD (ROM, R, RW), DVD (ROM, R, RAM)] Magnetic Tape (Reels, Streamers, DAT, DLT, Stripe, Smart Card), Modem (Fax/Data/Voice).